What have we learned from the test results?

As administrator, I can see the same results page as each participant in the project. Sometimes before running an updated results table, I go through the individual results to see if there is anything interesting that a participant might not have noticed. Because the individual results are updated every time new results come in, there is often something to pass on. I don't do this very often, so you should check your results page at familytreedna.com periodically.

I didn't get any articles from participants for the newsletter, so the findings below are things that I discovered or that result from email exchanges with participants. So if your family line isn't mentioned, that is why. If you found something particularly interesting that you'd like to share with the group, just send it to me as an email and I'll put it on the website.

George Hadley (16xx-1686) Line

Early in the Project's history, we identified a DNA pattern that is common to the descendants of George Hadley of Ipswich, Massachusetts who died in that area in 1686. We now have twelve test results, supported by family histories, that agree with this conclusion. So we are very confident that this is correct.

Another conclusion from the DNA test results is that the Joseph Hadley of Westchester County, NY, is George's son. While this has been speculated for decades, there was only circumstantial evidence of the relationship. Kit numbers 206504, 19758, 133199 and 14231 all trace their ancestry back to Joseph using conventional research methods. The DNA test results support the conventional research that they all share a common ancestor. While it doesn't prove that Joseph is George's son, it says it is a possibility. Inspired by these results and in a quest to research his mother's ancestry, Mike Kelly uncovered many new documents and other support for the conclusion that Joseph was George's son. Unfortunately, Mike died before publishing his work. His notes and drafts are in the hands of another Hadley researcher who hopes to publish them.

As mentioned on the home page history article, three participants who believed they were biological cousins discovered that they are not. The conventional research by their female cousin who recruited them to donate their DNA has determined that Hiram Mead Hadley (1833-1921) is likely not the son of Hiram Moses Hadley (1807-1895) as has been almost universally believed. The details are not certain at this point, but it appears that Hiram Mead Hadley was adopted by Hiram Moses Hadley and the he (Hiram Mead Hadley) did not share a common Hadley ancestor.

One other finding is of particular interest to those of us trying to find where George Hadley of Ipswich came from is shown on the results chart under Francis Headley. The results for kit 145599 match the known George Hadley DNA pattern exactly. The most distant known ancestor of the participant is a Rev. Francis A. Headley born about 1800 in either Ohio or Pennsylvania. There is no indication that Rev. Headley is descended from George Hadley of Ipswich. So if they share a common ancestor, the connection must be someone earlier in the family tree. The participant has been working on finding more information about Rev. Headley but so far has not been successful. It could be that the matching results are simply a coincidence, but if there is a common ancestor, finding him could be a major breakthrough for the descendants of George.

Simon Hadley (16xx-1756) Line

The Simon Hadley line has been extensively researched and documented using conventional research. Most, but not all, of the members of the Hadley Society trace their ancestry back to Simon, who was born in Ireland and died in Delaware. Some of the early DNA test results for known descendants match each other, indicating that they shared a common ancestor and, based on the conventional research, that ancestor was Simon. There are now nine sets of results that match, or match within reasonable variations, the Simon Hadley DNA pattern.

Another major result of the DNA testing supports the family tradition of the “Thomas, GA Hadleys” that they are descended from Simon Hadley, a plantation owner who was descended from Simon Hadley of Ireland, and one of his slaves. Kit 107055 shows with almost certainty the connection.

The other interesting conclusion reached from the early results and confirmed by later results, is that the George Hadley and Simon Hadley lines do NOT match. A few published works speculated that these two lines might be connected, with no real reason for doing so. Now we know with certainty that they don't connect, at least not in recorded history.

All those other subgroupings!

As you can see on the latest results chart, there are lots of other subgroups with one or more people in them. When a participant requests that a subgroup be created to put expected or received results indicating a common ancestor, I create the group so those that match can see the relationship and hopefully get them to coordinate their research. Because I don't have any recent news from any of these groups, I can't put anything meaningful in this newsletter. If your kit shows up in one of these and you have some news to share, please send me an email.

What's up with “Ungrouped”?

Unless I move a kit to one of the subgroups, it shows up in the “Ungrouped” section of the chart. Some, but not all, of those in this group don't match any others in the Project. There are several currently in this group that do match others, but they haven't figured out who their common ancestors are.

If you are in the Ungrouped group and see that your results match somebody else, please get with them and figure out where you connect, or confirm that you really don't connect and the match is a fluke (it happens). And then email me so I can move you to the right group or create a new group for you.

What the heck is “Z-TBD”?

Unless I mess around with the group names to fool the FamilyTreeDNA program that generates the results table, groups are sorted alphabetically by the name of the subgroup. This isn't always how we'd like it, and I may make some changes to improve the placement. For example, it might be nice if Ungrouped were at or near the bottom of the list.

Occasionally someone contacts me saying that they are working with some others who match but they haven't figured out how they connect yet. To help their efforts, I sometimes create a special group for them. Sometimes I create a special group and later remove it. The Z-TBD group is called Z so it is at the bottom of the table, out of the way, and TBD, because we couldn't think of anything more descriptive. I haven't heard from this group lately, so if you are part of this group and have news, please pass it on to me.

What became of the “English Hadley Project”?

The short answer: we got a bunch of new participants in England but not a lot of matches.

The longer answer: The George and Simon Hadley folk are at a dead end on their lines. The George Hadley line is stuck at George Hadley who was in Ipswich, Massachusetts by the 1630s. The Simon Hadley folk are stuck at Simon Hadley who was born in Ireland and died in Delaware. There is some speculation about where Simon came from, but nothing definite.

One idea of an alternate path to extending the known history of these two goes as follows: If we could find a person whose ancestors stayed in England, where we believe George and Simon came from, and find a match we would know that the new participant likely has a common ancestor with either George or Simon. In theory, if we research the new participant's line, we should eventually hit the place where their line and either George or Simon split off. In its simplest, and kinda fairy tale form, imagine a match with the George Hadley line and we find an ancestor of the new participant who had a son George who went missing in the 1620's.

In fact, we did get several new participants whose ancestors stayed in England to participat. None of them matched the George Hadley pattern. But at least one matched the Simon Hadley pattern. I haven't heard a recent update from the Simon Hadley folk on whether they have made any progress on researching the English participant's lines. Perhaps we'll get an update for a future newsletter or an article on the project website.

In any case we are all very interested in getting more participants from England and other countries. The more we know about ALL related lines the more secrets we can uncover. If you know of a person whose DNA test results would help the project, please suggest they consider participating.